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Sheepskin pickling. Simple recipes and tips

Factory technologies - simple recipes

Directory / Factory technology at home - simple recipes

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Sheep picklingn is one of the important parts of working with sheepskin and consists in keeping the sheepskins in a mash composed of flour and water. This talker is called kvass or jelly.

For 10 pieces of sheepskin take 1600 g of oatmeal and 2,5 g of wheat flour. Flour is poured into a tub and poured with a bucket (12 l) of boiling water. Everything is well stirred and two more buckets of hot water are added. Then 400% salt is added to the mash; mix everything, cover with boards on top, put the tub in a warm place and let it sour. To speed up the souring, add 1 liter of old kvass grounds. When the dough rises and floats on the surface, and kvass acquires the smell of sour dough, they can be put to work.

Fermentation is done in vats. Sheepskins are loaded with wool down, with the skin up. When loading into kvass, it is necessary to ensure that there are no air bubbles under the sheepskin, otherwise this place will remain unfermented. Usually, sheepskins are loaded into kvass by two people. One takes the sheepskin by the front paws, the other - by the back, and evenly immersed in kvass. When the sheepskin touches the surface of the liquid and: air remains between it and the liquid, this air must be expelled by pressing on the edges of the sheepskin, after which the sheepskin should fall to the bottom in the raised without straying: in this way the sheepskins are loaded to the top. If the size of the sheepskin does not fit in the vat, then it is folded in half, with wool inside, and sewn with a thread, but at the edges in 4-5 places.

Sheepskins remain in kvass for a day. Then they are taken out of kvass, squeezed out and placed on a platform arranged above the vat. Here they lie for half an hour, and then they are laid again, but in the reverse order, that is, those sheepskins that were at the top go down, and the lower ones go up. Sheepskin fermentation usually lasts for 6-14 days, and they need to be sorted out daily, as indicated above.

The duration of fermentation depends on the type of sheepskin, as well as on the time of year. Sheepskins ferment faster in a warm room than in a cold one. The thoroughness of degreasing also affects the rate of fermentation. The better the sheepskin is defatted, the faster it ferments. After each sorting, it is necessary to make a test - whether the sheepskins have fermented enough. This is recognized by whether the hair is firmly attached to the skin.

In the finished sheepskin, the hair easily comes off with the top layer of the skin. They try not in one place, but in different ones, carefully and without pulling out a lot of hair, otherwise bald spots will turn out. The sheepskin itself, when stretched with the Hands, easily stretches in all directions. Over-fermentation of sheepskins should not be allowed, since in such sheepskins the wool falls out easily, and bald spots form. It is better to undersour the sheepskin than to oversour it.

After fermentation, the sheepskins are lightly wrung out (sometimes this squeezing is not done) and dried. To dry, sheepskins are hung on ropes in fairly hot heated rooms at a temperature of 45 to 47 °C. First, they are hung with the flesh side up, and when the skin dries, they are turned over with the wool facing up. With good ventilation and at the specified temperature, sheepskins dry within 1-0,5 days. The drying process consists of removing all excess moisture.

If the skin dries under ordinary atmospheric conditions, then drying continues for several days, because evaporation is extremely slow. The rate of natural drying depends on the air temperature, as well as on the degree of saturation of the air with water vapor. The amount of water that can be absorbed by a given volume of air increases rapidly with increasing temperature.

However, during drying, the temperature cannot be high, and for quick drying, it is necessary to change the air more often: remove moist, saturated with steam, and replace it with fresh air. This can be achieved by ventilating the room. Ventilation can be done either with a fan or with holes in the . all walls of the dryer, which allows air to circulate freely throughout the room.

Sheepskin should not be dried in the sun, as it becomes brittle and brittle when dried in the sun.

Author: Korolev V.A.

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