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Legal bases of labor protection of women. Occupational Safety and Health

Occupational Safety and Health

Occupational Safety and Health / Legislative basis for labor protection

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Special conditions women's work safety are defined in Chapter 41 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation.

It is forbidden to use the labor of women in work related to lifting and manually moving loads that exceed the maximum allowable norms for them (Article 253 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

The use of women's labor in heavy work and work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions, as well as underground work, is limited, with the exception of non-physical work or work in sanitary and domestic services (Article 253 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

It is forbidden to send pregnant women on business trips, to engage in overtime work, work at night, weekends and non-working holidays of pregnant women (Article 259 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

Sending on business trips, engaging in overtime work, work at night, weekends and non-working holidays of women with children under the age of 3 years is allowed only with their written consent and provided that this is not prohibited by their medical recommendations. These guarantees are also provided to employees who have children with disabilities or disabled from childhood until they reach the age of eighteen, as well as employees who care for sick members of their families in accordance with a medical report (Article 259 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

At the present time, Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 25, 2000 No. 162 "On approval of the list of heavy work and work with harmful or dangerous working conditions, in the performance of which the use of women's labor is prohibited" is in force.

In accordance with the Sanitary Rules and Norms (SanPiN) "Hygienic requirements for the organization of technological processes, production equipment and working tools", approved by the Decree of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation dated May 25, 2003 No. 100, optimal and permissible values indicators of the severity and intensity of labor process factors for women are:

  • lifting and moving (one-time) gravity when alternating with other work (up to 2 times per hour): optimal - up to 5 kg, permissible - up to 10 kg;
  • lifting and moving (one-time) gravity constantly during the work shift: optimal - up to 3 kg, permissible - up to 7 kg;
  • the total mass of goods moved during each hour of the shift:
  • from the working surface: optimal - up to 100 kg, permissible - up to 350 kg;
  • from the floor: optimal - up to 50 kg, permissible - up to 175 kg.

Authors: Volkhin S.N., Petrova S.P., Petrov V.P.

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