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Providing first aid for thermal burns

Fundamentals of First Aid (OPMP)

Directory / Fundamentals of First Aid

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Thermal burn leads to tissue damage due to the action of high temperature (fire flame, boiling water). In practice, burns of the hands and feet are most often observed.

When providing first aid first of all, it is necessary to extinguish clothes on the victim (with water, snow, throwing on him what is at hand). Cut off linen sticking to the body with scissors. This must be done very carefully, so as not to damage the skin with rough movements and not increase pain in the victim.

Then, a dry aseptic cotton-gauze bandage should be applied to the burn surface without removing the adherent burnt tissue from the burn surface, since in this case rupture of the blisters, infection and increased pain are possible. After that, the victim can be given hot sweet tea to drink and delivered to the nearest medical facility as soon as possible.

In case of a burn of a significant part of the surface of the body of the victim, it is necessary to wrap a clean sheet, wrap it warmly in order to prevent hypothermia and send it to the hospital.

Authors: Smirnov A.T., Shakhramanyan M.A., Durnev R.A., Kryuchek N.A.

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