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Universal planer. home workshop

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I have been subscribed to "Modeler-Constructor" for a long time and find a lot of useful things in it, especially in the "Club of Home Craftsmen" section. On the advice of the magazine, he made a lot of things for the house and garage.

But I don't just use other people's ideas. I design myself. For example, I have a home-made planer with interchangeable pieces of iron, which, it seems to me, could be useful to a home master. The tool is easy to manufacture, and it can perform several operations: planing, chamfering, taking quarters and, importantly, choosing grooves of different widths and at different distances from the edge of the part.

The block of the planer is made of hardwood. It has a notch, a thrust plate seat, a groove for the head of the locking screw, as well as front and rear steps with grooves for the bolts for fastening the limiter bar.

A plywood sidewall 5 mm thick is attached to the block with six screws. Its use drastically simplifies the manufacturing technology of the block - the notch can not be hollowed out with a chisel, but cut out with a hacksaw.

A piece of iron with a cutting edge designed for a particular operation is first connected with an M3 screw to the cubic head of the adjusting screw, then inserted into the entrance (for an additional M4 through screw passing through the block and sidewall) and fastened in the cutout of the thrust plate with a wing nut and a lock nut M4. The adjusting screw sets the thickness of the chip removed in one pass, or the depth of the groove (depending on the shape of the cutting edge).

Planer wagon
Universal planer (click to enlarge): 1 - M4 wing nut (3 pcs.), 2 - M4 bolt (3 pcs.), 3 - sidewall fastening screw (6 pcs.), 4 - sidewall, 5 - block, 6 - fixing screw, 7 - adjusting screw, 8 - locknut, 9 - screws for fastening the thrust plate, 10 - thrust plate, 11 - piece of iron (A, B, C - cutting edge options), 12 - limiter bar, 13 - nut M4, 14 - screw M4.

The distance from the edge of the part at which it is necessary to select the groove is determined by the limiter bar: it is fixed with two M4 bolts with wing nuts. And not only the distance, but also the width of the groove, because thanks to the rearrangement of the bar, you can, working with the same piece of iron, get a groove of the required width.

I made the pieces of iron from the blade of a metal saw that has served its time (easel), but you can also make them from a strip of tool steel.

I am satisfied with my planer: the surface quality obtained when processing parts is quite satisfactory.

Author: A.Ilyin

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