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Hair dye. Simple recipes and tips

Factory technologies - simple recipes

Directory / Factory technology at home - simple recipes

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Here are some recipes Hair Dye.

Black hair dye

Prepare 2 liquids:

#1, 24 parts cologne (or alcohol 90°), 1 part pyrogallic acid.

No. 2, 6 parts silver nitrate salt, 45 parts distilled water, 1 part vinegar-copper salt, 48 parts ammonia.

Wet the hair using a toothbrush first with liquid No. 1, and after 15 minutes using another brush with liquid No. 2,

Brown hair dye

Dissolve 100 parts of metallic bismuth in 280 parts of nitric acid and then add 97 parts of a concentrated solution of tartaric acid and water, as required to precipitate the mixture. Then the precipitate is collected on a filter and washed with water until the blue litmus paper turns more red. The still wet sediment is then mixed with a sufficient amount of ammonia until it dissolves. Then 75 parts of sodium sulfate are added to this solution, filtered through paper, 2-5% glycerin is added and the liquid is poured into small orange bottles with ground stoppers. This paint is applied daily at first, and after obtaining the required shade, it is used only occasionally.

Dark blond hair dye

To dye hair dark brown, use the following liquid. Dissolve: 35 parts of pyrogallic acid, 3 parts of citric acid, 100 parts of boroglycerin, 1000 parts of distilled water. First, wash the hair with a weak solution of soda to degrease it, and when it is dry, dye the hair with the above liquid using a brush.

If you want to get a thicker light brown color, then increase the amount of pyrogallic acid to 50 parts.

Light blond hair dye

Prepare two solutions:

No1, 5 parts of potassium permanganate, 95 parts of distilled water.

No. 2, 1 part sodium sulfate, 25 parts distilled water.

The hair is first washed with a soda solution, rinsed with warm water, dried and evenly moistened with a toothbrush and comb with solution No. 1. To remove stains on the scalp, take a rag, moisten it in a solution of soap and in solution No. 2 and wipe the stained area with it.

Ash hair dye

Prepare three solutions:

No1,1 part pyrogallic acid, 24 parts 90° alcohol (or cologne), 70 parts distilled water.

No. 2, 1 part silver nitrate salt, 28 parts distilled water, 3 parts 10% ammonia (gradually).

No. 3, 1 part sodium sulfate, 65 parts distilled water.

Hair washed with soap and soda and dried is moistened with liquid No. 1, after 5 minutes with solution No. 2 and the stains on the scalp are wiped with liquid No. 3,

Liquid for bleaching hair "Blonde"

Mix: 4000 parts of hydrogen peroxide, 7 parts of sulfuric acid (spec. 1,838), 14 parts of hydrochloric acid (sp. 1,127), let the liquid settle in a dark place and then pour the clear liquid into hundred-gram dark glass flasks. Wet the hair with this liquid using a toothbrush or sponge and, if desired, repeat the wetting for greater bleaching. This way you can get light brown and blond hair.

Silver hair dye according to Dietrich. Silver paint consists of 3 liquids:

I. Pyrogallic acid solution.

II. Ammonia solution of silver nitrate.

III. Sodium sulphate solution.

The first and second liquids are used for coloring, the third is used only to obtain a darker black color, and otherwise only to remove black spots formed on the skin.

a) For black or brown.

I. 0,5 parts of pyrogallic acid, 12 parts of alcohol 90°, 38 parts of distilled water.

II. 2,5 parts silver nitrate, 22 parts distilled water, 7,5 parts caustic ammonia solution. Silver nitrate is dissolved in water and ammonia is added little by little to the solution.

III. 0,3 parts sodium sulfate, 20 parts distilled water.

b) For brown.

I. Same as in a).

II. 1,5 parts silver nitrate, 26 parts distilled water, 4,5 parts caustic ammonia solution.

Preparation is the same as in a).

c) For light brown and ash color.

1 part silver nitrate, 22 parts distilled water, 3 parts ammonia solution.

Preparation is the same as in a).

Solutions I and III are poured into bottles sealed with ordinary stoppers, and solutions II, on the contrary, into a bottle with a ground-in stopper. Collect funds as follows: solutions I, II, III of any shade are packed in one box, two small soft toothbrushes are added to them, the handles of which are marked with the numbers I and II, and instructions are attached that are suitable for all silver paints (with minor modifications). for use. Method of use to obtain a dark black color. The hair is washed with a weak warm solution of soda, rinsed thoroughly with warm water, dried with a thin towel, and then rubbed with white silk paper. After this, pour a little solution I onto a saucer, moisten brush I with it and smooth the hair with it.

If, as is believed, all parts are wetted, then the hair is thoroughly combed and thereby evenly distributes the solution throughout the hair. Having done this, after 5 minutes pour a little solution II onto another saucer and wet the hair using brush II. In this case, you should be careful not to let the liquid come into contact with your skin. After this, the hair is combed well again, thereby achieving a uniform distribution of solution II, with which the previously moistened and again squeezed sponge is moistened, passed through the hair in all directions and, finally, the hair is thoroughly combed again. After 3 hours, wash your hair with warm water and soap. To remove stains from the skin, moisten a canvas cloth with water, add a little soap and solution III and remove the stains. Brushes should not be mixed; It should also be borne in mind that stains from these dyes cannot be removed from fabrics.

It should also be noted that thick hair is dyed darker than thin hair; thus, when using the same product, the beard will be dyed darker than the hair on the head. This difference can, to a certain extent, be avoided by applying solution II to the beard in a small amount and, nevertheless, achieving an even distribution of the liquid by longer combing.

Regarding obtaining ashen and brown colors, the above instructions change only in the sense that hair is not treated with solution III-. In this case, solution III serves only to remove stains from the skin.

Hair coloring with Persian dye Henna (henna)

The powder prepared from the dried leaves of the Lawsonia alba Lam shrub from the Lythraude family is known as henna. Henna dyes hair red, but if one wants to obtain shades from light brown to black-brown, it is mixed with powder prepared from dried leaves of renga, which belongs to the Indigofera family. Hair dyed with a mixture of henna and renga acquires shine in addition to lasting color. These paints are absolutely harmless and have the advantage over other products that they do not stain the scalp. The coloring is very durable and stays on the hair for several months.

Unfortunately, using henna is not that simple. Firstly, it is required that hair coloring be done in a room with a temperature of at least 24 °C, otherwise the dye will not develop. It is best to do coloring in baths, as is customary in the east, after pre-washing your hair. It is most convenient to perform this operation in a bathhouse also because a large amount of heated water (10-15 buckets) is required to wash the hair. For one hair coloring, about 100 g of the mixture is used, which is prepared fresh each time before use and contains 40 parts of henna and 80 parts of renga. To dye hair dark brown or black, take 30 parts of henna and 90 parts of renga. 500 parts of water are gradually added to the mixture until a homogeneous pasty mass is formed. The gruel is thickly spread on previously degreased and well-washed hair and pressed into thick hair so that all hair from base to tip is covered with this mass.

At the end of this procedure, leave the dye on the hair for two hours if you want to get a brown color, and for 3-4 hours if you want to dye it dark brown or black. After the specified time, the dye is washed off the hair with plenty of water and combed continuously. Rinsing the hair lasts 30 minutes and is considered complete when the water flowing from the head becomes clear. Due to the fact that only after 6 hours it is possible to determine the shade of the color, it is best to apply the color in the evening. If the hair does not acquire shine after drying, then it is considered that the dyeing was unsuccessful and the dyeing procedure is repeated.

As you can see from the above, dyeing your hair with this Persian dye requires a lot of patience. If the coloring is not repeated after a certain period of time, blue and red stripes will form on the hair, disappearing only after a few weeks. Henna and renga powder are stored in tins in a completely dry place.

Hair color restorers. We consider it useful to mention here the so-called hair restorers, which contain lead salts, mainly for the purpose of prevention. Lead is one of the metals that has harmful effects on the body. Entering the body, it forms salts that are difficult to dissolve in water, which clog microscopically small tubules. The ailments arising from this disappear only after many years. Poisoning can occur even after external use of lead ointments, lead water and the above-mentioned hair color restorers. After prolonged use of these reducing agents, headaches, pain in the eyes and in the neck area often occur.

Here are recipes for several commercially available reducing agents. Rosseter's hair restorer. The reducing agent consists of 1,5 g of lead sugar, 2 g of sulfur, 50 g of glycerin and 345 parts of water. Allen hair restorer. This reducing agent consists of 2,65% lead sugar, 1,7% sedimentary sulfur, 3,2% glycerol and 63,5% water. The following reducing agent contains 8 parts of lead sugar, 5,6 parts of sedimentary sulfur, 10 parts of glycerin and 200 parts of water. Hair restorer Rol-Vindzi is a colorless liquid with an ash-green sediment. Consists of 50 parts of lead sugar, 20 parts of sulfur color and 1000 parts of ordinary water.

Author: Korolev V.A.

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